Hemorrhoids is a disease of the veins of the anus known to many people, in which inflammation, enlargement and prolapse of hemorrhoids occurs. A delicate disease in most cases is accompanied by an inflammatory process of the rectal mucosa, anal bleeding of various degrees, anal fissures. Hemorrhoids cause pain in the anal area, unpleasant itching and burning in the anus, severe discomfort in the rectum. Usually hemorrhoids develop in adults, but children are also susceptible to the disease. Often parents are concerned about the question - can there be hemorrhoids in adolescents? Let's get it right.
Causes of hemorrhoids in adolescents
The expansion of the veins of the rectum is caused by the weakness of the vascular walls and a number of other factors. However, hemorrhoids can occur at different ages, including adolescence. Children whose parents also suffer from hemorrhoids are especially susceptible to the development of this disease.
The cause of many diseases is heredity, and hemorrhoids is no exception. Weak tone of intestinal tissue and blood vessels may be due to a genetic predisposition to this disease. Improper lifestyle, physical activity, poor nutrition can also trigger this disease. If one of the parents suffers from hemorrhoids, it is likely that the child may develop this disease.
Hemorrhoids in adolescents also develop with frequent constipation, a sedentary, sedentary lifestyle, in the case of severe overstrain of the veins of the rectum. A variety of vascular anomalies can also be the main cause of hemorrhoids. With hemorrhoids, the first signs of the disease can occur in early childhood, after which the disease develops further in the adolescent. Swollen bumps around the anus are the first sign of hemorrhoids.
If a teenager is involved in sports, then excessive sports loads can also trigger a disease. It is necessary to monitor the correctness of physical exertion on a young body. In the prevention and treatment of the disease, sport is the main measure, however, overstrain of the veins of the rectum and lower extremities should be avoided. Dilated veins in the legs will easily cause hemorrhoids.
Teenage hemorrhoids can be a consequence of existing dysbiosis in the gastrointestinal tract of the child. Any stool disorders, constant constipation and diarrhea worsen the basic functions of the gastrointestinal tract. Often, it’s the intestinal and stomach upsets that become the main cause of hemorrhoids in adolescents.
Genetic heredity is the cause of many rectal defects. Weak walls of blood vessels interfere with normal blood flow, as a result of which normal blood circulation in the intestines is disturbed. In such a situation, the hemorrhoidal nodes overflow and become inflamed.
With the existing symptoms of the disease, it is necessary to be tactful in talking about the disease with a teenager. Due to psychological characteristics, the child may not want to visit a proctologist who must examine the anal area and prescribe the correct treatment with drugs.
The teenager will need to explain the important need to visit a qualified doctor, to help overcome shyness and isolation before taking. It is impossible to self-medicate in the fight against hemorrhoids.
The disease can be suspected by the following symptoms:
- discomfort in the anus
- pain in the anal area,
- discomfort in the rectum when walking, physical exertion, weight lifting,
- spotting during bowel movements.
Hemorrhoids in adolescence can be manifested not only by severe pain in the anal area, but also by bleeding of various degrees. You can observe only minor spotting on linen, toilet paper, but sometimes bleeding can be heavy.
Having identified the symptoms of the disease, do not self-medicate. It may not be right and cause harm, which will entail various complications. The sooner the disease is detected in the child, the faster the fight against the disease begins. At the first manifestations of the symptoms of hemorrhoids, a teenager must be taken to a doctor.
Prevent the development of hemorrhoids in adolescents will allow a balanced diet of the child, which normalizes the intestinal microflora and quickly restore proper stool. It is very important to include various healthy vegetables in the children's menu - beets, legumes, carrots.
You should not offer your child fried and fatty dishes, as well as smoked meats. It is better to cook vegetable dishes in the oven, slow cooker, steamed or just boil in water. To normalize the daily stool, it is important to exclude those foods that contribute to the fastening of the stool. Meat, rice, flour products must be given in limited quantities. Also, do not give the teenager strong black tea.
A decoction of dried fruits has a particularly beneficial effect on the intestinal microflora. Dried fruits contain a large amount of potassium and have a mild laxative effect. They should be eaten soaked in food. A proper diet in adolescence prevents the development of many diseases of the intestines and stomach, including hemorrhoids.
A good prevention of the disease will be regular classes in the sports section. However, physical activity should be moderate, otherwise they may not help, but hurt. Sports exercises normalize blood circulation in the pelvic organs, prevent stagnation in the intestinal vessels. Sport has a beneficial effect on the entire body of the child. Preventive measures also contribute to the treatment of the disease.
Symptoms and methods of diagnosing the disease
Hemorrhoids are characterized by a feeling of pronounced discomfort in the anus. During bowel movements there is soreness and burning, the patient is worried about severe itching, he has blood on the stool. Discomfort in the rectum appears during exertion, walking, long sitting. Bleeding is one of the main signs of an illness that parents of a teenager should pay attention to. Discharge is associated with bowel movements, so traces may remain on toilet paper or underwear.
A diagnosis can be made by visual inspection of the patient, followed by palpation of the rectal area from the inside. In this way, the proctologist reveals not only the presence of inflammation, but also the stage of the disease. Then laboratory tests are prescribed, including a blood test and feces. To study the condition of the mucosa, an endoscopic examination is used, which allows a visual examination of the organ. If necessary, the patient is prescribed an additional radiographic examination (irrigoscopy).
The blood vessels of adolescents are highly elastic, so with timely initiation of therapy, the disease can be eliminated quickly and without a trace. In this case, the main thing is not to resort to self-medication. Hemorrhoids are a delicate ailment; not every adult will decide to visit a doctor. The most difficult thing is to explain to the teenager the need to visit a proctologist.
The specialist will draw up a regimen with the appointment of local drugs used rectally or externally. Combination treatment may include:
- the use of candles, ointments, creams,
- enema procedures,
- herbal baths
- taking pills
- surgical and minimally invasive methods for eliminating nodes.
To alleviate the condition of the patient, not only pharmacological preparations are used, but also folk remedies. But the doctor makes a decision about using the latter. It also determines the dosage and duration of the course.
For resorption of the hemorrhoid, rectal suppositories are most often used. They relieve discomfort, facilitate bowel movements, relieve inflammation, and stop bleeding. They choose drugs that focus on the prevailing symptoms. In the uncomplicated course of the disease, preference is given to anticoagulants that prevent thrombosis. These include drugs containing heparin (Nigepan, Hepatrombin).
If inflammation is accompanied by burning and pain, anesthetics suspositories, such as Emla or Relief, Olestesin, are suitable. In the presence of bleeding, vasoconstrictor formulations (Proctogivenol) are recommended. When inflammation affects the anus, ichthyol and chloramphenicol ointment or non-steroidal drugs (Ibuprofen, Diclofenac) help to remove it. The most effective combination therapy is recognized, combining the use of oral drugs and rectal suspension.
Overview of Effective Suspositories
Preparations for treatment are prescribed by a specialist, but a brief overview will help you navigate a wide pharmacy assortment. Consider the most widely used suspension preparations:
"Proctoglivenol" - contains lidocaine, anesthetizes, tones, relieves itching and inflammation.
"Relief" includes a natural component - shark liver oil. It softens, accelerates healing, has an anti-inflammatory effect. The substance benzocaine reduces soreness and irritation. It is indicated for children over 12 years old.
"Neo-Anuzole" or "Anuzole" is an inexpensive combination agent with antiseptic, astringent and analgesic properties. Dries, eliminates itching. Designed for children from six months.
"Olestesin" - candles with sea buckthorn oil and benzocaine. Restores the tissues of the mucous membrane, relieves the inflammatory process, reduces itching and pain.
“Betiol” - ichthyol suppositories with belladonna extract has antiseptic, anti-inflammatory and antispasmodic effects.
Prostopin is a completely natural product containing beekeeping products and cocoa butter. Heals cracks, stops the inflammatory process, tones blood vessels and strengthens their walls.
How to apply candles
The introduction of suspensions is carried out twice a day, after the removal of acute symptoms, sufficient once. It is more convenient to do this in the evening or after sleep, lying on your side. The candle is inserted to the maximum depth through the anus into the rectum. The duration of the therapeutic course is one to two weeks. Apply candles after emptying the bowels and cleansing the anal area. If treatment does not bring results, you should contact a specialist to clarify the diagnosis.
Therapeutic ointments for hemorrhoids in children and adolescents are selected with extreme caution. The tool is selected according to the symptoms present in the patient. For soreness and itching, it is recommended to use Relief Advance and Proctosan. If there are pronounced hemorrhoidal nodes, ichthyol ointment, Levomekol, and Bezornil are suitable. If the inflammation is accompanied by cracks in the anus or bleeding, “Troxevasin”, “Methyluracil” ointment is prescribed. The drugs are used twice a day for 2 weeks.
Sitting baths and enemas
Baths with decoctions of herbs are included in the therapeutic regimen for the treatment of hemorrhoids. The procedures are carried out together with the use of local drugs. To this end, oak bark, chamomile, marigolds, and nettle are used for this purpose. For baths brew 3 tbsp. l crushed raw materials in a liter of water, after which the liquid is diluted in a wide basin to a larger volume. Such procedures are especially effective if there is irritation of the anus, cracks, itching.
With a tendency to allergic reactions, it is difficult to find suitable suppositories or ointments. In this case, you can use natural remedies such as sea buckthorn oil. It is introduced into the rectum using a rubber bulb in small doses, not more than 10-15 ml. After this, you need to lie on your stomach for half an hour so that the oil does not leak.
Cold contributes to the narrowing of blood vessels, and as a result, the stopping of bleeding and the removal of puffiness. Treatment is carried out using home-made rectal "candles" that are pre-frozen. For their manufacture, herbal decoctions are used, carefully filtered before use. For freezing, you can use molds for ice, suitable in configuration.
Proctologists today offer many effective methods to get rid of hemorrhoids. Low traumatic methods are preferred. Such operations can be performed on an outpatient basis. Classical hemorrhoidectomy is used only in 20% of cases; minimally invasive therapy is offered to other patients. This method includes:
- photocoagulation with infrared rays,
- overlapping latex rings,
The choice of method depends on the stage of the disease. At the first stage, conservative treatment, sclerotherapy or exposure to infrared rays is used. At the 2nd and 3rd stages, patients are recommended ligation with latex rings, photocoagulation with infrared rays and sclerotherapy. Dysarterization (ligation of adjacent vessels) is carried out only in the third stage.
Dietary nutrition for hemorrhoids
Treatment of gastrointestinal diseases is impossible without following a diet. Some dietary restrictions are observed not only during the exacerbation of the disease, but also after recovery, in order to prevent. The first task of the diet for hemorrhoids is to restore stool. If we are talking about constipation, you need to include more fiber and laxative foods in your diet: beets, prunes, dried apricots, apples, figs. Legumes, beans or peas will be of great benefit. They are rich in amino acids and vitamins, well saturate.
If you are prone to constipation, you should limit your intake of meat, white rice, flour products, strong tea, cocoa, or coffee. The starch-containing products have the fixing effect: semolina, potatoes. A similar effect is exerted by jelly, especially blueberry. This berry contains tannins, which have a fixing effect. It is not recommended to eat fresh pears, applesauce, unripe bananas.
There are products that do not have a laxative or firming effect, but perfectly regulate intestinal motility. These include:
- raw or boiled carrots,
- ripe persimmon
- White cabbage,
A decoction of dried fruits has a beneficial effect on the intestinal microflora.
Avoid processed foods, sausages, overly fatty foods, pastry baked goods, smoked meats, pickles and marinades. It is better to avoid hot spices such as mustard, horseradish. They not only cause loose stools, but also irritate the intestines. Heavy food (mushrooms, mayonnaise, red meat) is limited during exacerbations of the disease.
Brief description of hemorrhoids
Violations occurring in the rectum occur against the background of expansion of veins in the lower intestine. The characteristic signs of the disease are hemorrhoidal nodes of the external and internal type. In advanced cases, they can bleed.
Before treating hemorrhoids in adolescents, it is necessary to find out the causes of the disease and take measures to eliminate them.Therapy of the disease in this case should be comprehensive, otherwise there are risks of progression of pathological changes, and serious complications may develop.
In adolescents, hemorrhoids manifest as a number of signs:
- the presence of bloody veins in the feces,
- the appearance of discomfort after a long stay in a sitting position,
- the occurrence of hemorrhoids around the anus,
- the occurrence of pain during defecation,
- the appearance of frequent constipation and the sensation of a foreign object in the rectum after bowel movement.
At the age of 10-15, due to shyness, adolescents may not immediately consult a doctor or tell parents about the problem, which is fraught with further progression of the disease. The diagnosis in this case is made at the 2-3 stage of the progression of the disease.
Before starting treatment in patients at an early age, a preliminary diagnosis is performed. First, a digital examination is prescribed. When confirming the diagnosis, a sigmoidoscopy is performed.
Hemorrhoids are usually treated comprehensively. The attending physician conducts a full examination and takes measures aimed at eliminating the causes of the development of the disease and correcting the symptoms.
First of all, measures are taken to normalize the digestive processes: the doctor prescribes a diet and exercise therapy.
For the treatment of patients at a young age, drugs are most often used, the action of which is aimed at removing the inflammatory process and restoring the natural functions of the digestive system.
Usually, a specialist prescribes the following types of medications.
- Rectal suppositories (Relief, Procto-Glivenol, Natalsid, etc.). Used to relieve symptoms and improve overall well-being.
- Laxatives (Picolax, Dufalac, etc.). The action of the drugs is aimed at normalizing stool and restoring the integrity of the mucous membrane in the intestine.
- Ointments (Posterisan, Relief, Troxevasin, etc.). They are used to dissolve blood clots and normalize blood flow.
- Hemostatic drugs (Dicinon, Vikasol, aminocaproic acid, etc.). Used to stop severe bleeding in order to strengthen vascular structures.
The use of traditional medicine recipes is possible only as a prophylaxis or to increase the effectiveness of drug therapy. Cold or warm baths are most effective. Among the effective medicinal herbs, calendula, mullein, yarrow, oak bark and chamomile should be distinguished.
A good remedy against hemorrhoids is cold. Compresses and lotions with cold broths and water relieve pain, eliminate burning and itching in the anus. This helps to reduce hemorrhoidal nodes.
Despite the fact that alternative treatment has a gentle effect on the body, in no case should you conduct therapy yourself. Only the attending physician can make the right conclusion and choose the most effective remedies against hemorrhoids.
Prevention of ailment
Prevention of the development of diseases such as hemorrhoids should begin at an early age. It is much easier to prevent pathology than to cure it later.
Among the main preventive measures should be highlighted:
- active lifestyle,
- proper nutrition
- refusal of fast foods, alcohol and smoking,
- timely treatment of bowel diseases,
- the exclusion of self-medication with medication.
Read more about the methods of preventing hemorrhoids in the article of our specialist.
Causes of hemorrhoids in adolescents
Adolescence is a period when all processes in the body work in an enhanced mode. The growth of the child in this period exceeds the rate of development of other systems and organs, which can serve as an exacerbation and development of many pathologies in the young body. These diseases include hemorrhoids.
The most common occurrence of pathology in adolescence is associated with a genetic predisposition - it turned out that children whose parents have this pathology are more likely to experience this ailment in boys and girls.
In addition, there are a number of factors that can cause this disease among adolescents:
- Anomalies in the development of blood vessels - This pathology often manifests itself in adolescence in connection with accelerated processes of growth and development in a given period of life. If earlier this anomaly could not be noticed, then it is precisely at the age of puberty that it makes itself felt to a greater degree and severity.
- Chronic constipation - These manifestations can also cause the development of hemorrhoidal nodes.
- Small motor activity - modern young people prefer to sit at a computer for a long time than be active - this fact can serve as the development of stagnation in the vessels of the rectum and cause the formation of the disease.
- Alcohol and smoking. Adolescence is a period when young people want to establish themselves in a society of peers and sometimes not very positive methods. The addiction of bad habits dramatically reduces the proper functioning of blood vessels, from which the veins of the lower and upper extremities suffer more - this fact often leads to the development of hemorrhoids.
- Violation of the intestinal microflora - often accompanies a growing generation.
- Psychological trauma.
- Malnutrition can provoke malfunctions in the gastrointestinal tract and intestines, which will lead to stagnation of the bloodstream and the formation of pathological expansion.
- Overexertion during exercise.
In adolescence tend to be shy health problems. Only parents can suspect changes in time and affect the fact that the child goes to the doctor. Timely medical treatment is a guarantee of a lasting result.
If hemorrhoids are not treated, then surgery will be needed in the near future. Only the attending physician, after a comprehensive examination, can prescribe an effective treatment.
Features of the treatment of hemorrhoids in adolescents
At the age of 15, hemorrhoids should be treated only under the supervision of a doctor. The specialist will be able to correctly determine the diagnosis, identify the causes of the disease and prescribe the correct treatment. You may need special medical methods for treating the disease.
The child’s body is characterized by better vascular elasticity, so hemorrhoids at the age of 16 cure faster than in adulthood. A sixteen-year-old child has better resistance to diseases, his immune system did not manage to undergo many negative factors, like the immunity of an adult.
Thanks to a young, strong body, curing hemorrhoids in adolescence is much simpler and easier. The tone of the veins and vessels of the rectum is able to recover very quickly under the influence of drugs, which greatly simplifies treatment and shortens its time.
Hemorrhoids are also quickly cured at the age of 17. The young body has not yet experienced a large negative effect, it is not burdened by concomitant diseases. The disease in adolescence proceeds more easily than in mature and elderly people. It is very important at a young age not to stay days at the computer, but to lead an active lifestyle. Regular exercise will help to cope with the disease faster and prevent its further development in a chronic form. A proper diet, the exclusion of smoking and alcoholic beverages are an excellent preventive and therapeutic measure.
Hemorrhoids at the age of 18 must be treated in a timely manner in order to prevent the occurrence of any complications. Pathogens in the rectum can multiply under the influence of many negative factors. The consequence may be the occurrence of hemorrhoids at a young age.
It is mandatory to exclude the use of alcohol, since alcoholic beverages have a special effect on the vessels and veins of the rectum, contribute to the development of pathogenic microflora in the intestine and impaired blood circulation in the rectum. The consequence of taking alcohol at a young age can be hemorrhoids. Alcohol is one of the most negative risk factors for a wide variety of diseases in adolescence.
Another negative factor that causes the development of hemorrhoids in adolescence and youth is smoking. The negative effects of nicotine in a young body can worsen the elasticity and tone of the vessels and provoke the development of hemorrhoids at a young age.
Any hardening procedures, sports activities will be an excellent prevention of the disease. At a young age, it is important to prevent stagnation of blood flow in the pelvic organs. A special diet will help normalize the intestinal and stomach microflora. Comprehensive measures to prevent hemorrhoids will help to maintain health.
Symptoms of pathology in adolescence
The symptomatology of hemorrhoids in adolescence does not make much difference with the clinic in other periods of a person’s life.
The main clinical characteristics of this disease in adolescents is:
- The appearance of unpleasant sensations during the act of defecation, discomfort in the anus.
- A teenager can detect a small amount of blood after going to the toilet,
- Pain in the anus.
- Often there is a feeling of the presence in the rectum of a foreign body,
- Burning, itching of the rectal area.
When this clinic appears, you must tell your parents or apply for qualified medical care yourself.
How does hemorrhoids manifest in adolescents?
The disease is usually accompanied by discomfort in the anus. In addition, the patient may notice droplets of blood on the feces or it may be visible on toilet paper. Basically, the pain syndrome appears after emptying or when the patient sits in one place for a long time. In adolescents 15 years of age and over, due to enlarged hemorrhoidal nodes, a feeling of a foreign object in the intestine or incomplete emptying may occur.
With such manifestations of hemorrhoids in adolescents, you should immediately contact specialists. If the treatment is timely, then the prognosis in this case is usually good. It is necessary to be treated after examination and diagnosis, since the symptoms of such an ailment can be similar to other intestinal diseases.
How to treat hemorrhoids in adolescents?
With the appearance of hemorrhoids at this age, medication is usually used. The operation is required only in advanced cases. As a rule, various ointments and suppositories are prescribed, hygiene is also very important, after defecation, you should definitely wash yourself with soap. In addition, the patient should eat properly and in a timely manner so that there is no constipation, and do gymnastics to improve blood circulation.
Basically, adolescents aged 14-16 from hemorrhoids are prescribed adult drugs, but the dosage is calculated individually depending on weight. With an integrated approach to treatment, folk recipes and medicines containing herbal ingredients are not contraindicated. For example, sea buckthorn suppositories have a good effect, as well as warm baths from herbs that have anti-inflammatory and wound healing properties.
In advanced cases of the disease, adolescents 14 years of age and older may be prescribed compresses with Vishnevsky ointment. It has long been successfully used to treat this disease, relieves inflammation, swelling and other unpleasant symptoms. In addition, sometimes various venotonic drugs are prescribed.
Hemorrhoids occurring in adolescents cannot be ignored, otherwise this disease will be aggravated every year. In the end, it can lead to such dangerous complications as bleeding, prolapse of the rectum, thrombosis, or severe inflammation. For prevention, it is necessary to eat properly, and most importantly, in a timely manner so that there is no constipation, move a lot, do not lift weights and avoid smoking and alcohol.
Symptoms of hemorrhoids in young people
Hemorrhoids are considered a complex and unpleasant disease, and a doctor should deal with its treatment. In order to identify the disease in time, adults need to know its typical manifestations. Most often, with adolescent hemorrhoids, the following symptoms develop:
- feces mixed with blood,
- bump around the anus,
- persistent constipation
- itching and burning in the anus,
- discomfort after prolonged sitting in place,
- pain when trying to empty the intestines.
Hemorrhoids in young people can be accompanied not only by pain in the anus, but also by bleeding of various degrees. Perhaps the appearance of minor discharge on linen and toilet paper, and profuse bleeding.
When signs appear hemorrhoids in 15 years you need to show the teenager to the doctor as soon as possible, and not self-medicate. The sooner a diagnosis is made, the higher the chances of a complete elimination of the pathology.
Stages of the development of the disease
In adolescent patients, pathology is characterized by a phased development. Adults should know what signs are characteristic of each stage of the development of the disease in order to seek medical help in time. Only a doctor can establish the stage of hemorrhoids after examining the anus of a teenager. Specialists distinguish several stages of the disease, each of which is characterized by the appearance of certain symptoms.
The initial stage of hemorrhoids is the very beginning of the pathology. Usually, there are no pronounced symptoms and acute manifestations of hemorrhoids. At the first stage of the pathology, the nodes are still hidden under the skin, and a teenager rarely complains of discomfort and pain in the anus. Feeling of burning and itching in the anus become characteristic symptoms with such an ailment, and the presence of blood is noted in the study of feces.
A characteristic feature of the acute stage hemorrhoids in girlsteenagers and young men are periodically falling nodes, but they are easily repaired. A teenager begins to notice the presence of spotting in a stool, underwear, or toilet paper. In addition, constipation is constantly tormented. With the act of defecation, you have to strain hard for bowel movement and after going to the toilet, you feel a feeling of incomplete bowel movement. Adults can already independently detect hemorrhoids in a young person and seek medical advice.
In order to understand how to treat hemorrhoids in a teenager, it is necessary to understand the stages of its development and possible manifestations. The third stage of such a pathology is called external hemorrhoids. With the act of defecation, after minor physical exertion and lifting heavy objects, cones may fall out. With this pathological condition, thrombosis of the vessels of the pelvis and pinching of the nodes may occur. Subsequently, they become very inflamed, which becomes the cause of severe pain. The third stage of hemorrhoids requires a specialist examination and the appointment of an effective treatment.
Pathology that has passed to the fourth stage is considered a complicated form. Hemorrhoidal nodes significantly increase in size, are fixed both at rest and during palpation. In addition, they cannot be independently adjusted upon loss.The fourth stage of the disease is complicated by the fact that various complications appear. A teenager is diagnosed with tissue necrosis and vascular thrombosis, and constant bleeding causes anemia. When identifying the last stage of hemorrhoids, the problem can only be solved by surgery.
To the questions of parents, can there be hemorrhoids in 16 years, doctors answer in the affirmative. The main methods of diagnosing hemorrhoids in adolescents are considered to be palpation and sigmoidoscopy. With their help, it is possible to identify the disease and determine its stage. In addition, a patient survey is necessarily carried out and his anamnesis is studied. In a conversation with the patient, the symptoms of hemorrhoids, the presence of problems with stools, injuries in the past and what medications the young man takes are specified.
Using the method of palpation, the condition of the rectum is determined, the anal canal and the anus are examined. If indicated, a scraping or biopsy of the cells of the perianal skin from the intestine is performed. During the diagnosis, the presence of infection or skin pathologies that can complicate the course of hemorrhoids is determined.
Sigmoidoscopy is a study of the rectum using a special flexible tube on which there is a camera at the end. Such a device is inserted into the colon cavity and filled with air.
Surgical treatment of hemorrhoids in adolescents
To eliminate hemorrhoids in adolescents, they resort to surgery only if the pathology goes into a complicated form. Surgery is relatively rare and preference is given to minimally invasive surgical methods. To eliminate the pathology can be applied:
- doping of hemorrhoid cones with latex rings,
Such a method of surgical intervention as hemorrhoidectomy is practically not practiced in adolescence.
Nutrition for hemorrhoids in adolescents
In order for the treatment of hemorrhoids in adolescents to be effective, it is imperative to follow a diet. The main task of nutrition in pathology is the normalization of the digestive tract and the elimination of problems with stool in the form of constipation or diarrhea.
With hemorrhoids, it is necessary to organize nutrition in such a way that it is balanced and complete. During the day, food is best consumed in small portions 5-6 times a day. The diet of a teenager with hemorrhoids must necessarily include:
- low-fat varieties of meat, fish and poultry,
- dairy products,
- vegetables: carrots, zucchini, pumpkin and beets.
With hemorrhoids, it is recommended to abandon the consumption of rye bread, white cabbage, rice, legumes and sorrel. In addition, it is best to exclude from the diet such drinks as coffee, jelly, cocoa and strong tea.
It is important to remember that during the day the patient should consume 35-40 ml of fluid per 1 kilogram of weight, not counting liquid food. During the day, it is recommended to drink juices, fruit drinks, water and stewed fruit.
Prevention of hemorrhoids in adolescents
Hemorrhoids are a disease that is easier to prevent than to treat later. In adolescence, the following preventive measures are recommended:
- It is necessary to monitor the diet of the child and make the menu in such a way that the nutrition is balanced. In addition, it is necessary to limit the consumption of those foods and dishes that can cause constipation. These are wheat, rice, flour products and meat in large quantities.
- It is necessary to fill the teenager's diet with foods that contain a large amount of fiber. It is recommended to consume as many vegetables, fruits, legumes, cereals and whole grains as possible. It should be minimized in the diet of dishes in which there is a lot of fats and carbohydrates.
- Particular attention should be paid to the drinking regime of the teenager, that is, during the day he should drink at least 1.5 liters of liquid. Experts recommend drinking a glass of water in the morning on an empty stomach, and a glass of kefir before bedtime, and in the afternoon there are liquid soups for lunch. A good effect in the fight against constipation is given by decoctions made from dried fruits.
- Every day you need to do exercises in the morning and simple physical exercises. In addition, you need to walk as much as possible and engage in various sports. All this enhances the movement of blood and thereby prevents its stagnation in the pelvic organs.
- During the day, it is best to eat in small portions, but often. In addition, it is necessary to fill the diet with purple fruits, as they help strengthen the walls of blood vessels.
To the questions of adults, can there be hemorrhoids in adolescents, experts give an affirmative answer. In fact, treating hemorrhoids at this age is much easier than in adults. This is due to the fact that in the transitional age the circulatory system is more malleable and is not yet fully formed. At the same time, eliminating the pathology and preventing the development of any complications is possible only with timely access to a specialist.
The stages of hemorrhoids in adolescence
When identifying a hemorrhoid clinic, many adolescents often hide a rather delicate problem, which aggravates the situation. Often, adolescents go to hospitals with an already started problem, which causes the greatest difficulty in treating the disease.
Hemorrhoids in adolescents are distinguished by the staged development of the pathological process in the body. Each stage of the disease is accompanied by a manifestation of features during and during the development of the clinical picture.
- Stage 1 hemorrhoids in adolescents - the initial. This stage is characterized by a blurred manifestation of symptoms and the clinical picture of the disease. Patients do not feel strong changes. Most often, the main indicators of the presence of pathology are discomfort during bowel movements.
- 2 stage characterizes itself as a more progressive course and manifests itself more clearly than the initial stage. So, in a patient with the second stage of hemorrhoids development, pain is noted during the act of defecation, itching, burning, not associated with going to the toilet.
- 3 and 4 stages - running problems. For these stages, the appearance of acute clinical symptoms, manifesting itself throughout the day, is characteristic. In addition, the last stage may be complicated by the presence of bleeding from the anus.
It is important to remember that the treatment of hemorrhoids must be started without losing time, because subsequently getting rid of the disease becomes more difficult, and, unfortunately, a full recovery is not always possible.
Features of the course of hemorrhoids in boys and girls
Hemorrhoids in adolescence are more likely to haunt females, as girls have constitutional features. In addition, girls are more prone to stress and neurosis, provoking factors. In addition, it turned out that girls are more likely to develop constipation.
A feature of the course of hemorrhoids in girls is frequent combined course of the disease, that is, if the male disease is most often external, the girls suffer from a more serious stage of hemorrhoids, covering the internal and external course.
Hemorrhoids in young men are characterized by the slowest course, due to less active growth in this period. Girls, due to the peculiarities of growth and development, often notice the problem at more advanced stages. Menstruation can contribute to the development of hemorrhoids in girls, since during this period of the cycle the pressure on the anus.