Therapeutic diet: nutrition features for duodenitis and gastritis

Some diseases dictate a special menu for quick recovery of strength and health. For example, eating with gastritis and duodenitis is especially necessary: ​​patients have to deprive themselves of tasty, but unprofitable food for medical reasons. Any deviation from the menu prescribed to the patient will affect his health, including pain and cramping in the intestines, drowsiness, fever, and nausea. It is the diet with duodenitis that is the main part of the treatment.

How to beat duodenitis with a diet?

Erosive duodenitis is manifested by the appearance of ulcers and erosion on the mucous membrane of the stomach and intestines. Diet with erosive duodenitis can reduce the irritation of the receptors of the gastrointestinal tract, as well as heal ulcers and erosion. This menu assumes a reduction in the energy value of products by reducing the amount of carbohydrates. Vitamins A, B, C and PP, minerals are added to the writing. The number of meals is recommended to be increased up to 5-6 times a day. Food should be taken in liquid or semi-liquid form: most often, food is wiped, boiled or steamed.

Acute erosive duodenitis runs the risk of developing into a chronic one, if the diet for duodenitis is not observed for a long time, that is, not only at the time of exacerbation of the disease, but also at other stages. Simply put, when the pain subsided, you should not give yourself free rein and go into all seriouss, eating off for all the hungry days. The amount of carbohydrates should be increased little by little, it is also worth gradually returning to the diet food that causes irritation of the intestine.

Food with duodenitis involves a complete rejection of hot and smoked foods, canned food, spices, spices and seasonings. You should minimize the amount of salt in food. Fast food, alcohol, soda, coffee and even tea are non grata persons on your menu during duodenitis. Sweet tooth during duodenitis will not be sweet: honey, sugar, chocolate and ice cream, as well as any baked goods and flour, will have to be excluded from the list of foods used. Fatty meat and fish products, as well as some fruits and vegetables, for example, radish, cabbage and grapes, are not recommended.

Recommended Duodenitis Products

But the question arises: what can you eat with this ailment? What foods does the diet for gastritis and duodenitis imply? During the crisis, the patient should not eat solid food: all food should come in softened form, in liquid or semi-liquid form. It is advisable that the food is warm. Light vegetable soups or broths on lean meat, vegetable or milk purees will have a beneficial effect on the work of the stomach, enveloping its internal mucous membrane.

Kefir with duodenitis

Kefir is one of the most common foods in any diet. And the thing is not even that it has a fairly low calorie content. The main plus is the presence of probiotic bacteria in it, which support the effective functioning of the intestine and normalize the microflora of the entire gastrointestinal tract. There are various recipes for kefir cocktails that are recommended for patients with duodenitis: such cocktails are both tasty and healthy. Typically, the preparation of these cocktails consists in mixing kefir, bananas and the third ingredient with a blender, in the place of which berries, cocoa, bran can protrude. This nutritious and, of course, delicious mixture becomes a substitute for breakfast.

Fruits and vegetables with duodenitis

Fruits and vegetables are very useful during this disease, since they are the sources of healthy vitamins and minerals. Pay more attention to fruit juices, especially freshly squeezed fresh juices. Pieces of fresh fruit or boiled vegetables can be added to cereals. Fruits and vegetables should be eaten only in milled form.

As mentioned above, bread during the diet should be avoided. However, it can be replaced with dietary bread rolls or rye crackers without flavoring condiments. Tea and coffee can also be found an alternative: they will be replaced by herbal teas with lemon balm or decoctions, natural juices and infusions. Do not neglect drinks: during illness it is important to restore water balance.

Making a sample menu for a week is quite easy: alternating between each other the “permitted” products, you can create healthy and at the same time incredibly tasty dishes for a couple. Many people remain on this diet even after a complete cure to maintain their shape and prevent disease. Indeed, unlike others, this diet only eliminates the use of harmful products and reduces the amount of carbohydrates in the body.

Duodenitis diet number 1.

For your first breakfast, prepare a nutritious kefir-banana cocktail with bran. The second breakfast may consist of boiled wheat puree and a small piece of boiled chicken, for dessert, treat yourself to a portion of low-fat cottage cheese with warm herbal tea.

Have lunch with carrot and vegetable soup. On the second, you can use a piece of boiled fish fillet with boiled potatoes. Also for lunch, you can afford apple or carrot juice.

An afternoon snack is a time of fruit. Fruit pudding or fresh will be very welcome.

For dinner, steamed cutlets of beef, served together with buckwheat mashed porridge, are suitable. For dessert, drink a decoction of rose hips.

Duodenitis diet number 2.

For the first breakfast, do not strain your stomach with anything heavy: wake it with mint or chamomile tea. For lunch, eat low-fat cabbage borsch and drink it with a glass of sparkling water.

For lunch, you can also afford mashed soup or a slice of baked meat with a side dish in the form of crumbly porridge. At noon, unload your stomach with grated carrots. Dinner with vermicelli soup and minced chicken chop. Wash it down with a soft herbal decoction or fruit drink.

The principles of the diet for duodenitis and gastritis

To understand the principles of this diet, it is necessary to clearly understand its purpose, which is to ensure that the effect on the patient's gastrointestinal tract is as gentle as possible, which will reduce inflammatory processes. Food should not injure the mucous membrane mechanically or chemically or thermally.

The goal that dietary nutrition pursues with duodenitis and gastritis is to achieve the most sparing functioning of the digestive tract and reduce inflammatory processes.

The basic principles of diet

  1. Diet. It is necessary to maintain regularity and fragmentation of food, taking food 5-6 times a day at a certain time. Due to this, excess gastric juice, which irritates the gastrointestinal wall, will not be produced.
  2. Meals in small portions.
  3. Thorough chewing of food. Thanks to this, it will be easier to eat in small portions, since long chewing promotes speedy saturation. In addition, chewed food is more easily tolerated by the gastrointestinal tract. Do not forget that the digestion process begins in the mouth!
  4. When exacerbating diseases, you should adhere to the use of mashed steam food to avoid mechanical damage to the mucosa.
  5. Eating a moderate temperature, in the range of 18 - 60 degrees. Cooler or hotter food injures the walls of the digestive tract.
  6. Refusal of irritating mucous products (spicy, pickled, fatty, etc.).
  7. The preference for simple dishes is complicated: the more components in a dish, the longer it remains in the stomach, thereby forcing it to produce more hydrochloric acid for digestion. Therefore, dishes should be varied, but small-sized.
  8. A decrease in the amount of salt in dishes and, consequently, a ban on salty foods. Salt increases the production of gastric juice, which irritates the damaged mucosa.
  9. Quitting smoking and alcohol. In acute forms of the disease, refusal should be complete and categorical, in chronic it is also advisable to refrain from these bad habits in order to avoid exacerbation.

Nutrition for duodenitis and gastritis

Many people are afraid of the very word “diet” - it seems to them that such a name implies the rejection of everything tasty. This is not true. A sparing diet allows you to eat varied and tasty, as the list of allowed foods and dishes is quite large. It includes vegetables, fruits, berries, meat, fish, cereals, dairy products, various drinks. Let us consider in more detail what exactly and in what form it should be included in the diet of a patient with gastritis and duodenitis.

Menus for duodenitis and gastritis - general recommendations

The menu for duodenitis and gastritis is aimed at excluding from the diet everything that can irritate the mucous membrane of the organs of the gastrointestinal tract. Such a diet implies the use of only soft and liquid foods that are pre-steamed and boiled to an almost puree state. Solid foods (vegetables and fruits) are allowed only in grated form. The best perceived digestive system is liquid cereals, which have an enveloping property, as well as fruit and vegetable purees.

In addition, nutrition during the diet with duodenitis and gastritis should be six times. Between meals there should be intervals of no more than 4 hours. In addition, portions should be very small (no more than 250 g). In addition, in the evening, the portion should be reduced. Doctors also recommended that you pay attention to the process of eating - the products should be thoroughly chewed.

While following this diet, the composition of daily nutrition also changes. That is, there is a reduction in the amount of fat, as well as carbohydrate-containing foods. Diet with duodenitis implies the complete exclusion of sweets. It is also forbidden to eat marinades, salted and spicy foods, fatty and fried foods, as well as all kinds of spices. At the same time, the amount of proteins and the volume of liquids in the menu, on the contrary, need to be increased. That is, if before the illness the patient liked goulash or steak, now it is better to use steam cutlets, grated soups and broths instead. Reducing the amount of meat you eat is not necessary, but you should exclude pork, replacing it with less fatty varieties.

As with almost any other disease, gastritis and duodenitis require the patient's attention to the consumption of vitamins in the diet. In order to normalize the metabolism and restore the mucous membrane of the gastrointestinal tract, vitamins B, C and E are simply vital. These vitamins are found in low-fat cottage cheese, fish (which should be boiled and soft), eggs, vegetable and fruit juices and mashed potatoes . However, it should be borne in mind that acidic fruits are prohibited in the diet for duodenitis. That is, the use of lemons, oranges or grapefruits is prohibited, because they are extremely irritating to the mucous membrane.

What can I eat with duodenitis?

A full-fledged diet with a daily menu, scheduled for several weeks, as well as painted up to small recommendations about the volume and frequency of necessary meals, is prescribed exclusively by a gastroenterologist. Only after a personal examination by a doctor, conclusions are drawn about the menu for duodenitis, depending on the stage of the disease, body weight, metabolic characteristics and the physical ability to consume certain foods, the absence of allergic reactions and other nuances. However, there is also a general list of recommended dietary products and dishes, which are part of the menu for all patients with gastritis and duodenitis, especially during an exacerbation of the disease. What can everyone eat?

Cereals that are cooked to a creamy consistency. They are prepared both in milk and in water and milk. Regular oatmeal with duodenitis can be consumed with a small amount of grated bananas and apples, as well as a couple of spoons of liquid cream. In addition, remember that patients need to eat oatmeal and buckwheat porridge constantly!

Milled vegetables, as well as mashed potatoes from any kind of vegetables. All this is a soft and non-greasy component of the diet, which is not able to injure or irritate the mucous membrane.

Low-fat dairy products are also an important part of the daily diet. Of course, fatty foods (sour cream, homemade or fatty cottage cheese, cream, etc.) should be excluded from the diet. But instead, it is quite possible to use non-fat kefir, cottage cheese and even milk outside the period of exacerbations.

Herbal teas and compotes from any kind of dried fruit are the best way to quench thirst with duodenitis and gastritis, as well as to restore the necessary water balance of the human body. They can be consumed in unlimited quantities.

Once again, we note that with any diet, and especially with gastritis and duodenitis, it is necessary to exclude unhealthy foods and abandon bad habits. It does not benefit even a healthy body. However, with any diet, of course, you can adapt to a normal full life: If you engage in constant cooking of varied and tasty food, then you will not even notice how quickly the need for food familiar to the disease ends.

The purpose of the diet with duodenitis

The cause of exacerbation of duodenitis can be the use of excessively spicy food, alcohol, injury to the mucosa by a foreign object, foodborne toxicosis. In the inflammatory process in the duodenal mucosa, it is important that the organ is not exposed to chemical irritation, therefore, it is necessary to adhere to clinical nutrition and eliminate the root cause (give up alcohol, destroy the infection).

Chronic acute and primary duodenitis develops against the background of a decrease in the protective factor of the intestine as a result of damage to the mucosa of the duodenum of the duodenum by gastric juice, in which the content of hydrochloric acid is increased. In this case, the diet is selected so that food does not provoke excessive acid production, does not irritate the inflamed mucosa.

Secondary duodenitis develops, since the contents of the stomach remain in the duodenum longer than it should be, due to the fact that it cannot be quickly digested due to insufficient digestive juices (for example, with pancreatitis, cholecystitis). Diet for chronic duodenitis is designed to promote bile secretion, enhance the motility of the digestive tract.

Patients with duodenitis are worried about spastic pain in the upper quadrant on the right, which is more intense on an empty stomach or at night, belching, nausea, heartburn, vomiting, stool disorder (constipation or diarrhea). Using dietary nutrition, it is possible to reduce the severity of these symptoms.

So that hydrochloric acid does not accumulate in the stomach, it is recommended to eat often, every 3-4 hours, but in small portions. This manages to reduce the production of acid and bile, aggressively affecting the inflamed tissue of the duodenum. To avoid nausea, vomiting, belching, food that is digested for a long time (greasy, fried) should be excluded.

Dietary Principles

With primary duodenitis, diet therapy is similar to that prescribed for gastritis. Moreover, the diet will depend on what stage the pathology is at and on the pH of the gastric juice. If the production of hydrochloric acid is increased, then a diet of N o 1A or a diet of N o 1B is prescribed, and if the symptoms of the disease disappear, the patient is transferred to a diet table N o 1.

Clinical nutrition N o 1A provides a complete sparing of the mucosa of the digestive tract and it is advised for exacerbation of pathology, as well as for erosive duodenitis with intestinal bleeding. With the help of this diet, it is possible to reduce the reflex excitability of the gastric receptors and to achieve the attenuation of the inflammatory process.

Nutrition with a diet of N o 1A does not fill the physiological need, therefore, it is prescribed for a short time (5-14 days). The diet is low-calorie (2000 kcal), it reduces fats (up to 100 g) and proteins (up to 80 g), and carbohydrates (up to 200 g) and salt (up to 8 g) are cut down.

Diet for chronic duodenitis requires compliance with the following rules:

  • all food is served in liquid. Cereals, mucous soups, mashed potatoes can be given. This consistency does not irritate the mucous tissue mechanically,
  • everything is steamed or boiled,
  • you can’t eat broths, since they excite secretion, which negatively affects the mucosa,
  • all indigestible products are removed from the diet (for example, legumes, mushrooms, meat with skin and inclusions),
  • food temperature should be between 15–55 ⁰С. Cold food interferes with tissue repair, and hot food is annoying, therefore it is necessary to ensure its thermal gentleness,
  • meals should be six times a day and with the same time interval between meals.

Diet table N o 1A

Diet N o 1A allows you to eat:

  • cereal mucous soups (oat, rice, semolina). Add oil as desired
  • steam cutlets, pastes, soufflé from dietary meat, passed three times through a meat grinder,
  • milk, cottage cheese, cream (banned sour cream, dairy products),
  • scrambled eggs,
  • steam omelet,
  • liquid cereals (except for pearl barley and millet). You can eat them with milk,
  • sweet jelly, fruit jelly, fruit juices with water, fruit homogenized sweet puree,
  • weak tea, broth of wild rose.

Diet table N o 1B

After the signs of the disease subsided, a diet of N o 1B is prescribed, which differs from the previous one in that it allows a greater chemical and physical effect on the digestive tract. It also increased the daily calorie intake (up to 2500 kcal) and the content of fats and proteins up to 100 grams, and carbohydrates up to 300 grams. Adhere to this diet for 10-30 days. You can eat mashed soups and milk porridges. Meat and fish cakes, mashed potatoes are allowed. By consistency, the dishes are no longer liquid, but mushy.

Diet table N o 1

After a diet of N o 1B, the patient can adhere to diet No. 1 (basic). It promotes moderate sparing of the mucosa and is physiologically complete, therefore it can be observed for a long time (usually prescribed for 3-6 months). It can go into the phase of recovery.

The treatment table N o 1 reduces the allowable amount of salt to 10-12 grams, and provides for a protein and fat content of 100 grams, and up to 450 grams of carbohydrates. For a day no more than 3500 kcal. When diet N o 1 you must adhere to the following recommendations:

  • exclude dishes that irritate the mucosa in any way, excite the secretion of acid and trypsin or are difficult to digest (broths, sauces, canned food, pickles and marinades, turnips, radishes, legumes, radishes, peels of fruits, acidic grapes, gooseberries, dates, currants , chicken skin and veined meat, stew, wholemeal flour, spices),
  • steam everything, boil or bake without the formation of a golden crust. The food should be mushy, it is allowed to eat boiled meat in pieces, if it is very soft,
  • you must continue to adhere to 4-6 meals a day (eat every 4 hours in small portions).

Diet N o 1 allows the presence in the diet:

  • crackers, dried bread,
  • vegetable soups with cream, butter (broths are excluded),
  • diet meat dishes (meatballs, meatballs, meatballs, pate). Meat is allowed to eat in slices if it is soft,
  • lean fish cooked without skin,
  • milk, cream, cottage cheese, yogurt, kefir,
  • buckwheat, semolina, rice, oatmeal,
  • hard boiled eggs or steam omelet,
  • potatoes, carrots, beets, cauliflower,
  • weak tea with milk, sweet juices, compotes, fruit sweet mashed potatoes, jelly.

List of banned or restricted meals and products for duodenitis:

  • broths (fish, meat, mushroom),
  • fatty meat and fish,
  • pickled and salted vegetables,
  • legumes, cabbage, cucumbers, tomatoes, radishes,
  • canned food and sausages,
  • pastries from puff or yeast dough,
  • dishes with a lot of seasonings,
  • pasta,
  • fast food and convenience foods,
  • ice cream, cakes, chocolate, sweets,
  • barley, millet, pearl barley.

After a diet of N o 1, the patient goes on a normal diet, but you need to remove smoked meats, fatty and spicy dishes, pickles from the menu. To avoid increased gas formation, contributing to the maintenance of the inflammatory process, it is necessary to reduce fermentation and decay in the digestive tract, namely, to reduce the amount of incoming fiber and carbohydrates.

How to eat with duodenitis and gastritis?

The diet for duodenitis and gastritis can have its own characteristics depending on how the disease progresses, and with erosive gastritis or peptic ulcer, nutritional recommendations are even more stringent. In addition, some diet tables are designed for the physiological needs of patients undergoing treatment in a hospital. Also, the doctor may introduce additional restrictions if necessary, or, conversely, expand the diet, if there are sufficient grounds for this.

Diet "Table number 1"

One of the often prescribed sparing diets, which is used for peptic ulcer of the stomach and duodenum during the exacerbation period without severe symptoms and for inflammatory diseases of these organs, is diet No. 1. The purpose of its appointment is to create conditions for reducing the inflammatory process of the mucous membrane, regulating the motor-evacuation and secretory function of the duodenum and stomach. The diet for erosive gastritis is designed to cover the physiological needs of the body for nutrients when treated in a hospital (for example, those undergoing treatment in a hospital or sanatorium), or in working patients whose activities are not associated with physical loads.

Nutrition for gastritis and duodenitis during an exacerbation of diseases, as well as for peptic ulcer of the duodenum and stomach in the acute stage, but without pronounced symptoms, suggests certain types of culinary processing of food. Dishes are steamed or boiled, their consistency is mashed. Baked dishes are also allowed, but without a rough crust and also crushed.

Sparing diets numbered 1a and 1b are prescribed for peptic ulcer of the duodenum and stomach during a period of sharp exacerbation, with severe symptoms. All dishes included in the menu are boiled, cooked in mashed form, are steamed. Food should be liquid or gruel.

There is no separate therapeutic diet that would be used exclusively for duodenitis, among those available today. For each dietary table, there are a number of indications due to the purpose of the appointment. If there are indications, the doctor may prescribe one of the mentioned sparing diets for gastritis or duodenitis.

For chronic gastritis, which is accompanied by secretory insufficiency, colitis and enteritis during the period of remission (without concomitant liver diseases and some other disorders), as well as colitis and enteritis during the recovery period (to switch to a balanced diet), diet No. 2 is used. It is a complete nutrition designed to restore impaired organ functions in gastritis with a decrease in acidity and is usually recommended after exacerbation for a long time.

Diet "Table number 2"

Physiologically complete diet No. 2 presupposes rational culinary processing of food, and also prohibits those dishes and products that are difficult to digest and linger in the stomach for a long time, irritating its receptor apparatus and mucous membrane.

For patients who have no complaints, the doctor may, according to indications, appoint Table No. 15, which is nutrition according to physiological norms. Designed for those who do not have indications for a special therapeutic diet in the normal state of the digestive system. The content of all the necessary nutrients in this case will correspond to the normal diet of a healthy person who is not engaged in physical activity, the amount of vitamins in it is increased, various foods are allowed, the culinary processing is rational. Excluded products such as fatty meat (pork, lamb, lamb, pork, beef fat). Also limited to muffin, spices. At the same time, in the 15th diet, raw fruits, rye bread and vegetables (not mashed) are allowed, limited or even excluded in diets No. 1 and 2.

Diet for gastritis and duodenitis

Nutrition for these ailments is shown frequent and fractional. In diet No. 1, for example, the diet is 5-6 times a day, and in diets 1a and 1b with a sharp exacerbation of peptic ulcer of the duodenum and stomach - and more often, 6-7 times. Diet No. 2 prescribes five to six meals a day. With diet No. 15, the frequency of administration is 4-5 times a day. You should always take food calmly, without distractions and without rushing, carefully chewing.

Vegetable and fruit juices, rosehip broth, as well as fresh vegetables and fruits (in mashed or non-mashed form) are very useful in the diet of a patient with chronic gastritis, but should be prescribed in accordance with the requirements of a diet prescribed by a doctor

What foods are allowed with sparing diets

Presented (as an example) menu diet number 1 involves:

  • as the first breakfast, cottage cheese with sour cream and sugar or an egg cooked soft-boiled and semolina milk porridge (or mashed buckwheat, or mashed milk oatmeal), as well as tea with milk,
  • for lunch, a baked apple and a rosehip broth are recommended,
  • for lunch, milk noodle soup (or mashed pearl barley), steamed meat patties with milk sauce (or meatballs, also steamed), rice porridge (or mashed potatoes), apple stewed fruit compote (or fruit jelly) ),
  • for afternoon tea - crackers or dry cookies, and a rosehip broth (or milk jelly),
  • for dinner, you can enjoy fish steamers, vermicelli or rice pudding (with fruit sauce) and tea with milk,
  • one glass of milk at night and biscuits.

Such a diet is indicated for peptic ulcer disease and, if it occurs without severe pain, heartburn (in remission), then the doctor may, according to indications, prescribe table No. 1 without mechanical sparing (1st non-rubbed table), which is especially relevant for decreased intestinal motility. Products are cooked, but not wiped, for example, loose cereal is included in the diet.

Diet number 2 (approximate menu for one day)

For the first breakfast, fish cakes with boiled potatoes or well-boiled porridge with oil, as well as tea or coffee with milk and cheese are offered. For lunch, a baked apple is recommended, for lunch - a soup of finely chopped assorted vegetables cooked in meat broth, minced meat schnitzel with a side dish of vegetables, fruit juice jelly. As a snack, a cheesecake with cottage cheese and tea is recommended, and for dinner - gingerbread with cottage cheese, baked as well as mashed carrots and tea, before going to bed - kefir.

Sample diet menu number 15

As the first breakfast in this example menu, the following dishes can be selected:

  • soaked herring with boiled potatoes,
  • chopped schnitzel, as well as buckwheat porridge,
  • coffee with milk or tea with milk.

For the second breakfast - an apple (fresh), for lunch - a beetroot salad of beets, green peas and cabbage, as well as borscht cooked in meat broth, in addition, beef stroganoff with vermicelli and compote.

As an afternoon snack, we offer rose hips, cookies (or drying), and for dinner - cottage cheese with sour cream, oatmeal and jelly, before going to bed - kefir.

Treatment is work

In inflammatory processes in the mucous membrane of the duodenum and stomach, it is extremely important to create such conditions for the diseased organ, in which normalization of its functions will occur faster, and irritation of a chemical and mechanical kind will decrease. Therefore, in many therapeutic diets, all food is allowed only in pureed form, boiled in water, steamed. Moreover, the sparing will be more pronounced, the more pronounced the symptoms.

Proper nutrition is a very important point. The doctor selects the products, focusing on their tolerance, the clinical course of the disease, the characteristics of the patient and many other factors. You can focus on the nutritional preferences of the patient, but only when they do not contradict the prescribed therapeutic diet. Therefore, if you have a disease, always consult your doctor and be healthy!

Allowed foods and dishes

Since this therapeutic diet, limiting the choice of dishes, should nourish the body with everything necessary for recovery, you need to pay attention to what vitamins and minerals should enter the body with food. Mandatory and in sufficient quantities are vitamins A, B1, B2, C and PP and minerals calcium, magnesium and iron. You should choose products containing enough of these substances. In addition, the attending physician may prescribe an additional intake of vitamin-mineral complexes.

  1. Cereals: oatmeal (flakes), semolina, rice and buckwheat. From them, pureed mucous cereals are prepared in milk diluted with water. Porridge is the basis of the diet for these diseases.
  2. Fruits and berries: bananas, sour apples, watermelon, raspberries, strawberries, blueberries. Berries can be supplemented with low-fat milk. Kissels are also recommended.
  3. Meat and fish: mashed non-greasy varieties (souffle, steam cutlets). In some cases, it is recommended to give up meat for one to two weeks.
  4. Vegetables: zucchini, pumpkin, carrots, cauliflower, broccoli, white cabbage (preferably only in soup). Potato restriction! Vegetables are recommended in the form of mashed soups and casseroles.
  5. Egg dishes: soft omelettes in low-fat milk.
  6. Dairy products: low-fat cottage cheese in the form of uniform casseroles, low-fat milk, kefir, yogurt (without artificial additives).
  7. Drinks: green or herbal tea, compote.
  8. Bread: only in dried form and little by little - 1 piece per day. In addition to soup or as a sandwich with butter or cheese.
  9. Sweets: non-acidic jelly, marshmallows, marmalade.

Prohibited foods and dishes

  1. It is forbidden everything that activates the production of gastric juice: salty, fatty, fried, pickled, sour, smoked dishes, as well as carbonated drinks. They irritate the mucosa by themselves and contribute to the release of excess hydrochloric acid.
  2. Also, you should not eat those foods that are delayed in the gastrointestinal tract for a long time: complex dishes and now so popular food from coarse fiber.
  3. Not all that causes gas formation and bloating is recommended: fresh bread and pastries, rich soups, some vegetables and fruits (grapes, melon, citrus fruits, radish, cabbage, tomatoes).

Sample menu for gastritis and duodenitis

When prescribing a diet, factors such as age, body condition, and concomitant diseases are taken into account. Any menu should be considered individually, therefore we give approximate food options.

We also remind you that dishes should be well prepared and consistent with the principles of diet.

1 breakfast:

  • cereal in milk, cocoa,
  • scrambled eggs, herbal tea,
  • oatmeal tea
  • Soft-boiled egg, bread with low-fat cheese, green tea,
  • cottage cheese casserole, herbal tea,
  • buckwheat porridge and jelly or yogurt,
  • barley porridge and a rosehip drink.

2 breakfast:

  • jelly
  • banana,
  • an Apple,
  • cereal with milk
  • homogeneous cottage cheese and low-fat kefir,
  • diet yogurt cookies
  • cottage cheese casserole and compote.


  • buckwheat soup, steam cutlet, a piece of dried bread,
  • soup with meatballs, tea,
  • vegetable soup, boiled fish with mashed potatoes,
  • vegetable soup, boiled chicken breast with buckwheat, kissel,
  • chicken souffle and chicken stock, compote,
  • fish soup and rice garnish
  • soup on vegetable broth, beef liver with buckwheat.


  • soft homogeneous cottage cheese and carrot juice,
  • dried biscuit and tea,
  • yeast-free bread and compote,
  • cucumber salad with bread,
  • herbal tea with marshmallows or iris,
  • oatmeal and jelly
  • cottage cheese casserole.


  • boiled fish with a side dish of rice and fresh cucumber,
  • baked potatoes, steam cutlet,
  • baked turkey breast with zucchini,
  • baked beef with vegetables
  • boiled beef liver with vegetables,
  • boiled chicken breast with buckwheat,
  • milk soup with vermicelli,
  • dinner: buckwheat porridge with veal, milk.

The main thing to remember: an effective diet should be regular and constant. It is necessary to strictly observe its basic principles and implement recommendations. Only in this case, the disease will recede, and the treatment will bear fruit. Be healthy!

Watch the video: Stomach Ulcer. Nucleus Health (April 2020).